N6.87Trillion Stolen From Nigeria Yearly — AU Report

Date: 02-02-2015 8:18 pm (6 years ago) | Author: Mister Jay Wonder
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- at 2-02-2015 08:18 PM (6 years ago)
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Nigeria, the world’s seventh largest producer of hydrocarbon, accounts for about 68.1 per cent of the total revenue Africa is losing annually as a result of illegal transfer of revenues abroad.

The report of the Thabo Mbeki High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa adopted on Sunday by African Union Heads of State and Government at their summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia said about $40.9billion (about N6.87trillion) of an estimated $60billion (about N10.08trillion) lost through such transfers from Africa are traced to Nigeria.

The funds are stolen through corruption, tax evasion and illegal transfer of profits by multinationals, the AU said.

Nigeria, which produces an average of 2.3million barrels of oil daily as the leading hydrocarbon producer in Africa, is being ravaged by poverty and underdevelopment.

The report also identified Egypt and Morocco as the other countries with the largest estimates of illicit financial flows statistics of $28.2billion and $20.3billion respectively.

Cumulatively, Nigeria and Egypt topped the list of ten African countries by illicit financial transfers between 1970 and 2008, with $217.7billion (about N36.57trillion), or 30.5 per cent, and $105.2billion (about N17.67trillion), or 14.7 per cent respectively, while South Africa had $81.8billion (about N13.74trillion), or 11.4 per cent.

Concerned by the high losses through these illegal transfers, which was identified in 2011 as one of the threats to the inability of most resource-rich countries in Africa to meet their millennium development goals, MDGs, the AU at its 4th Joint African Union Commission/United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, AUC/ECA, Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development constituted the Mbeki Panel to review the underlying issues stalling Africa’s accelerated and sustained development objective.

At the presentation of the report on Saturday, the panel gave a set of recommendations that would guide African leaders in checking the growing threats of the menace to the continent’s economy, including the activities of extremist groups, instability, and poverty.

Part of the recommendations included a system that would allow automatic exchange of tax information among African countries and globally to check illegal profits shifting by multinational corporations to subsidiaries in tax haven or secrecy jurisdictions.

In its 15-point findings, the panel noted that ending illicit financial flows is a political decision by the various governments as it involved issues of abusive transfer pricing, trade mis-invoicing, tax evasion, aggressive tax avoidance, double taxation, tax incentives, unfair contracts, financial secrecy, money laundering, smuggling, trafficking and abuse of entrusted power.

The interrelationships of these issues, it stated, conferred a technical character requiring transparency across all aspects to ensure access to information and the right to obtain such information.

The Panel, which noted illegal profits shifting by multinational corporations as one of the biggest single source of illicit outflows in the continent, advised countries to ensure that the automatic exchange of tax information be subject to national capacity, to maintain the confidentiality of price-sensitive business information.

The dependence on natural resource extraction, it noted, makes African countries vulnerable to illicit financial flows, pointing out that there was need to pay attention to activities in the sector in an effort to check illicit financial flows in Africa.

“African countries need to acquire the capacities and technology to monitor extraction of their natural resources better and to negotiate contracts more effectively,” the report said.

According to the report, tax incentives were not usually guided by cost-benefit analyses, as such African countries grant a host of tax incentives, such as tax holidays, investment allowances, tax rate reductions and administrative discretion in order to attract foreign direct investment, FDI.

Considering the effort needed in asset recovery and repatriation, the report said regulations and mechanisms were needed to ensure that financial establishments and banks identified and refuse to accept illicit financial flows, rather than relying on self-regulation by banks.

Money laundering, the panel noted, continues to require attention from the governments, with weak national and regional capacities impeding efforts to curb illicit financial flows.

Noting the impediments of incomplete global structure for tackling illicit financial flows, the report stressed the need for financial secrecy jurisdictions to come under closer scrutiny, challenging the AU to lead the effort to initiate measures to block all avenues for illicit financial flows, considering that the sources were from within the continent.

The Panel recommended that African governments engage with non-African private and public actors involved in developing mechanisms, policies and laws adopted by intergovernmental organisations and governments outside the continent that facilitate the flow of illicit funds out of Africa.

Considering that the bulk of illicit financial flows, such as trade mispricing and transfer pricing, are trade-based, the Panel asked African countries to develop laws and regulations that make it illegal for operators to intentionally, incorrectly or inaccurately state the price, quantity, quality or other aspects of trade in goods and services while moving capital or profits to another jurisdiction, or manipulate, evade, or avoid any form of taxation, including customs and excise duties.

Besides, the panel recommended that all agencies involved in revenue collection in Africa must ensure that all big and small corporations were not only registered for tax purposes, but also ensure that no corporate registration was approved without proof of tax registration.

While ensuring that the databases of the companies’ registration offices and the tax authorities were linked, the Panel urged African States’ customs authorities to proactively use available databases containing information on comparable pricing of world trade in goods to analyse imports and exports, while identifying transactions that required additional scrutiny.

On transfer pricing, the Panel asked national and multilateral agencies to ensure that data on trade pricing on goods and services in international transactions were made available according to accepted coding system categories.

African countries, it said, should, as a matter of urgency, establish and equip transfer pricing units in revenue in accordance with global best practices and ensure that multinational companies operating in their domains provided the units with a comprehensive report on their disaggregated financial reporting on a country-by-country or subsidiary-by-subsidiary basis.

It said countries and companies operating in extractive industries in the continent should not only join voluntary initiatives like the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, EITI, but also demand beneficial ownership information during company incorporation or trusts registration.

Again, the panel called for the establishment of independent institutions and agencies of government, like financial intelligence units, anti-fraud agencies, customs and border agencies, revenue agencies, anti-corruption agencies and financial crime agencies charged with responsibility of preventing illicit financial flows.

All such agencies, it said, should render regular reports on their activities and findings to the national assemblies, while central banks and financial supervision and regulatory authorities must compel banks and non-financial institutions to ensure mandatory reporting of transactions that may be tainted with illicit activity.

To check corruption in the system, the panel urged African governments to assist financial institutions by regularly publishing the lists of politically exposed persons, PEPs, as well as any asset declarations information filed by them.













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Posted: at 2-02-2015 08:18 PM (6 years ago) | Addicted Hero
- Lateef67 at 2-02-2015 11:25 PM (6 years ago)
(m)
Nbeki na jona
Posted: at 2-02-2015 11:25 PM (6 years ago) | Gistmaniac
Reply
- Foxtroft at 3-02-2015 08:36 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
Now the price of fuel keep falling what are they going steal? My prayer is that may the price of fuel keep falling and never rise again. I am looking forward to time when pure water will be more expensive than fuel and it will be so in God's gracious name and  very soon. 
Posted: at 3-02-2015 08:36 AM (6 years ago) | Upcoming
Reply
- dareper at 3-02-2015 09:02 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
I see
Posted: at 3-02-2015 09:02 AM (6 years ago) | Hero
Reply
- obibye at 3-02-2015 09:11 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
God save this country from the thieves disguised as our Leaders...
Posted: at 3-02-2015 09:11 AM (6 years ago) | Newbie
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- sweetypweety at 3-02-2015 09:14 AM (6 years ago)
(f)
After reading dis  u'll  see some fools saying PDP or Jonathan must win die election. Since 1999 dat PDP has been in power they've been stealing our revenues for there personal gratification. Let's Vote them out & see what other political parties have to offer
Posted: at 3-02-2015 09:14 AM (6 years ago) | Gistmaniac
Reply
- k4short2 at 3-02-2015 10:02 AM (6 years ago)
(f)
LET ME BE A FOOL IN D HAND OF A WISE MAN Jonathan LIKE JESUS CHRIST dan  in THE HAND OF A FOOLISH  MAN bohari  like satan. mbok jona revers my taxation back to my account. UP JONATHAN. IF U DNT WANT GOODLUCK U CAN GO N HUG D ELETRICITY POLE N DIE.
A LUNATIC Or AN ILLITRATE CANT Rule me  or professors.
FORWARD EVER-GOODLUCK
BACKWARD NEVER- BOKOHARI.
Posted: at 3-02-2015 10:02 AM (6 years ago) | Gistmaniac
Reply
- echeeche at 3-02-2015 10:36 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
 Cool Cool
Posted: at 3-02-2015 10:36 AM (6 years ago) | Hero
Reply
- Oways at 3-02-2015 11:18 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
Can u imagine the quantum  of amount of money living the shore of 9ja yearly GOD help us!
Posted: at 3-02-2015 11:18 AM (6 years ago) | Gistmaniac
Reply
- ficull at 3-02-2015 02:15 PM (6 years ago)
(m)
Oya, all PDP sympathizers, call him names.... thats your stock in trade for anybody who critizes you. NEVER respond to issues....
When BUHARI enters, all of you will get ur 'perfect' rooms in KIRIKIRI... IDIOTS
Posted: at 3-02-2015 02:15 PM (6 years ago) | Gistmaniac
Reply
- leonardi at 3-02-2015 04:34 PM (6 years ago)
Online (m)
For most of u who are unlearned and don't read to understand. It said between 1970 and 2008. Buhari was part of it and also Obj who wants jona out cos he's a saint. My question is was GEJ in power there. I can see u guys like been told lies and propaganda which I tink is working on many low thinking Nigerians. Most of them now decamped from PDP and are wearing a new garment APC and u people that haven't ever benefited are here shouting Change in the confines of poverty.
Posted: at 3-02-2015 04:34 PM (6 years ago) | Upcoming
Reply
- eonemusic at 3-02-2015 08:15 PM (6 years ago)
(m)
God go punish all bad leaders in Nigeria
Posted: at 3-02-2015 08:15 PM (6 years ago) | Newbie
Reply
- osarobo62 at 3-02-2015 08:22 PM (6 years ago)
(m)
Quote from: Foxtroft on  3-02-2015 08:36 AM
Now the price of fuel keep falling what are they going steal? My prayer is that may the price of fuel keep falling and never rise again. I am looking forward to time when pure water will be more expensive than fuel and it will be so in God's gracious name and  very soon. 
remember the saying " no matter how poor the melon harvest is,......the bush rats will still get their share.
our leaders will scrape the bottom of the barrel for themselves.
Posted: at 3-02-2015 08:22 PM (6 years ago) | Hero
Reply
- femjay at 3-02-2015 08:36 PM (6 years ago)
(m)
GEJ deserves a Second term in OTUOKE LOCAL GOVERNMENT ....wailaih ........ ....
Posted: at 3-02-2015 08:36 PM (6 years ago) | Gistmaniac
Reply
- egwuevans17 at 4-02-2015 01:12 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
Quote from: k4short2 on  3-02-2015 10:02 AM
LET ME BE A FOOL IN D HAND OF A WISE MAN Jonathan LIKE JESUS CHRIST dan  in THE HAND OF A FOOLISH  MAN bohari  like satan. mbok jona revers my taxation back to my account. UP JONATHAN. IF U DNT WANT GOODLUCK U CAN GO N HUG D ELETRICITY POLE N DIE.
A LUNATIC Or AN ILLITRATE CANT Rule me  or professors.
FORWARD EVER-GOODLUCK
BACKWARD NEVER- BOKOHARI.
I DON'T KNOW YOU BUT I AM SORY TO TELL YOU THAT WITH YOUR COMMENT, YOU ARE SELLING THE FUTURE OF YOUR FAMILY OUT O SOME COWARD JUST BECAUSE HE GAVE YOU BREAD TODAY, HE WILL NOT BE THERE TO GIVE YOUR TOMORROW OR GIVE IT TO YOU CHILDREN TOMORROW, SO I STRONGLY SUPPORT CHANGE IN OUR THINKING AS A COUNTRY, AND PLEASE MIND YOU BE RESPONSIBLE WITH YOUR COMENT SOME OTHER TIME..
Posted: at 4-02-2015 01:12 AM (6 years ago) | Upcoming
Reply
- egwuevans17 at 4-02-2015 01:15 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
I DON'T SUPPORT BUHARI AS WELL, BUT I BELIEVE PDP OR A GOOD GOVT NEEDS TO BE FORMED, TALKING OF BUHARI IS NOT THE ANSWER HERE. JONATHAN FAILED WOEFULLY, THIS BRINGS TO CONCLUSION THAT PROF. CHARLES CHUKWUMA SOLUDO IS RIGHT WITH HIS SUMMARY..
Posted: at 4-02-2015 01:15 AM (6 years ago) | Upcoming
Reply
- egwuevans17 at 4-02-2015 01:19 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
NIGERIA NEEDS CHANGE, BUT I DOUBT BUHARI AS THE CHANGE WE ACTUALLY NEED, AND JONATHAN IS NOT BETTER EITHER, SO I WILL BE ADVISING MY FAMILY NOT TO VOTE FOR ANYBODY IN THIS ELECTION BECAUSE I DON'T SEE ANY FUTURE IT BRINGS FOR NIGERIANS....
BUHARI IS A LOYALIST, HE IS A GOOD MAN ACCORDING TO MY WATCH, BUT BUHARI IS SURROUNDED BY CORRUPT MEN, THIS MEN WILL NEVER LET HIM ACTUALIZE HIS AIM, BUHARI IS 2011, IS BETTER THAN THE BUHARI OF 2015.
Posted: at 4-02-2015 01:19 AM (6 years ago) | Upcoming
Reply
- egwuevans17 at 4-02-2015 01:28 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
Quote from: egwuevans17 on  4-02-2015 01:15 AM
I DON'T SUPPORT BUHARI AS WELL, BUT I BELIEVE PDP OR A GOOD GOVT NEEDS TO BE FORMED, TALKING OF BUHARI IS NOT THE ANSWER HERE. JONATHAN FAILED WOEFULLY, THIS BRINGS TO CONCLUSION THAT PROF. CHARLES CHUKWUMA SOLUDO IS RIGHT WITH HIS SUMMARY..
Sorry, for my watery grammar, In summary of my analysis, i don't support Jona or Buhari, And i will be advising my family against going to the poll to cast any vote next week , Because it will bring no good in the next 4 years to come if any of this guys wins. Personally, I will vote in Nigerian in the next 20years, That is if the country Nigeria still exist, because i believe if democracy still exist by then, Things would have turn better than it's present condition..
Posted: at 4-02-2015 01:28 AM (6 years ago) | Upcoming
Reply
- shinenoyi at 4-02-2015 01:54 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
who will tackle this report?fani kayode or okoronjo or agboghonjo iweala?this is  not from soludo so pdp members is this report true?
Posted: at 4-02-2015 01:54 AM (6 years ago) | Newbie
Reply
- fearlesspaul at 4-02-2015 04:36 AM (6 years ago)
(m)
The people stealing the money go to church with big Bibles on their hands every Sunday while the Muslims among them pray 5 times daily. But here we are blaming one person only; GJE
Posted: at 4-02-2015 04:36 AM (6 years ago) | Upcoming
Reply
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