‘15 million Nigerian children are child labourers'

Date: 28-06-2011 8:54 am (10 years ago) | Author: Peter Izu
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- at 28-06-2011 08:54 AM (10 years ago)
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With some 15 million children working in Nigeria, often in dangerous jobs, the International Trade Union Confederation has decried the alarming level of child labour in the country and anti-trade union violence in a report to the World Trade Organisation.

The Brussels-based International Trade Union Confederation, represents some 175 million workers in 151 countries, including Nigeria. In the report submitted to the 153-member World Trade Organisation (WTO) in Geneva, the group said that "Some 15 million children are at work, many in dangerous jobs."

Analysing the effect on the Trade Unions, the reports say that the children "frequently experience violent attacks and there is little protection from anti-union discrimination." The ILO study also revealed a regular breach of the rules and widespread discrimination against women and minority groups in the country's labour market.

According to the report, "In rural areas, children can be found performing hazardous work in mines, fisheries and agriculture, particularly tobacco and cassava, dealing with pesticides and dangerous tools. In urban settings, children are most often street vendors, scavengers and beggars. It is estimated that most children in rural areas and many children in urban areas have experienced work accidents and injuries. Girls mainly work as domestic servants and many have been forced into commercial segxwal exploitation in houses, port cities and refugee camps."

The group, however, states the minimum age for employment in Nigeria as 12 years of age, and that the 23 states in Nigeria that have ratified the Federal Child Rights Act have effectively raised this limit to 14 years of age, but advised that, "the national minimum age for employment should be consistent with the ILO Convention 138 and should not be below the age for finishing compulsory schooling, which is 15 years of age," in order to reduce the child labour trend.

The Labour Act establishes an exception to the minimum age, which permits children of any age to perform light work alongside a family member in agriculture or home-based activity. Children younger than 15 years can only be employed in home-based agricultural or domestic work, but not in commerce and industrial work, and they are not allowed to work more than eight hours per day.

Poverty is responsible

Citing reasons for the high rate of child labour, the group states that, "Parents cannot always afford the education of their children, and children often work in order to pay their fees, or do not attend school at all and work instead to pay for their siblings' education or the household's budget. Many rural children are sent to the cities in order to study in Koranic schools; however, it is reported that many children, called ‘almajiri', end up in beggary and child labour in order to pay their teachers, or are not provided with shelter and food by their schools and are eventually homeless."

Nigeria, with a population of some 155 million and extensive oil resources, has ratified all eight of the core International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions protecting workers' rights including freedom of unions to organise and ending child labour.

In his statement with the report, detailing attacks on workers and union offices, ITUC general secretary Sharan Burrow said, "Nigeria has failed to live up to this. Many Nigerian workers live in fear of employer and police violence.

"This failure not only hurts Nigerians, it also undermines efforts by other governments to uphold decent employments standards in the globalised economy," Mr Burrow declared


Posted: at 28-06-2011 08:54 AM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
- MissyBarbie at 28-06-2011 08:55 AM (10 years ago)
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Brb
Posted: at 28-06-2011 08:55 AM (10 years ago) | Hero
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- monday3 at 28-06-2011 11:37 AM (10 years ago)
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TOO BAD
Posted: at 28-06-2011 11:37 AM (10 years ago) | Upcoming
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- segxykay at 28-06-2011 11:47 AM (10 years ago)
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na God go save us 4 dis naija, even picken dem dey feel am
Posted: at 28-06-2011 11:47 AM (10 years ago) | Upcoming
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- Adikpe at 28-06-2011 11:52 AM (10 years ago)
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This one is which person's fault? The Government or the parents?

I don't think government should be blamed for this any longer, public primary and secondary schools are now affordable. In Kaduna State for example, government secondary schools costs just between N440 and N480 per term for junior and senior classes respectively. It's not beyond anybody's power, so government not should be blamed for this. Even if the public schools are not that standard, they are good enough to keep these children going in learning something useful to them and the society at at large.
Posted: at 28-06-2011 11:52 AM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- Enviberry at 28-06-2011 11:59 AM (10 years ago)
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can u upload the website plz, am writing an essay base on childhood in NIGERIA.
Posted: at 28-06-2011 11:59 AM (10 years ago) | Upcoming
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- priceless87 at 28-06-2011 12:05 PM (10 years ago)
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BAD NEWS
Posted: at 28-06-2011 12:05 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- macosas at 28-06-2011 12:07 PM (10 years ago)
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Nigeria is always on the wrong side of international report
i pray that we get it right oneday
Posted: at 28-06-2011 12:07 PM (10 years ago) | Upcoming
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- MilleniumMan at 28-06-2011 12:08 PM (10 years ago)
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Poverty is the cause.
Posted: at 28-06-2011 12:08 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- NaijaGal_USA at 28-06-2011 12:23 PM (10 years ago)
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Children should not be working. They should be going to school and getting an education.  Sad
Posted: at 28-06-2011 12:23 PM (10 years ago) | Newbie
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- beatrice22 at 28-06-2011 12:25 PM (10 years ago)
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help the poor people, goverment please please please  i dey beg oooooooooooooo
Posted: at 28-06-2011 12:25 PM (10 years ago) | Upcoming
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- frayobkk at 28-06-2011 12:33 PM (10 years ago)
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Outside african Countries u can compare to Nigeria nothing like this exist
but here in 9ja sufa head is too much on teenagers this days

Posted: at 28-06-2011 12:33 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- open_reality at 28-06-2011 12:58 PM (10 years ago)
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Na wa oooooooooooooooooooooooo

Posted: at 28-06-2011 12:58 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- whitedove255 at 28-06-2011 01:32 PM (10 years ago)
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 :'( :'( :'( :'( too bad,God pls touch d heart of our leaders to b able to do the right thing at the right time all this children are suffering because of our bad Lips Sealed Lips Sealed
Posted: at 28-06-2011 01:32 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- Idbabe at 28-06-2011 01:35 PM (10 years ago)
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Na epistle according to frayobkk be dis one.  E too long jare.  I dey come
Posted: at 28-06-2011 01:35 PM (10 years ago) | Hero
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- maryclaret at 28-06-2011 02:12 PM (10 years ago)
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The government has its blame and so do the parents. This can go back to a previous forum where the UN was talking about reducing the amount of children one has. A couple will go and have up to five children when they know damn well that they have no means to take care of them. But no, they can;t leave the child to starve so they send them off to go and sell peanuts, banana, bread, etc...to help bring in money. Cut your cloth according to your size. Children are blessings yes, but it doesn't mean you bring them into the worlld to suffer.

Posted: at 28-06-2011 02:12 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- thowbee at 28-06-2011 02:17 PM (10 years ago)
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15 million Nigerian children??...........................mehn............
Posted: at 28-06-2011 02:17 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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- sammy999 at 28-06-2011 02:19 PM (10 years ago)
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these are the so called future generation of our country. i wonder what this future will look like
Posted: at 28-06-2011 02:19 PM (10 years ago) | Upcoming
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- Innoscent at 28-06-2011 02:37 PM (10 years ago)
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 Angry Shocked Angry

Posted: at 28-06-2011 02:37 PM (10 years ago) | Upcoming
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- toibeli at 28-06-2011 02:45 PM (10 years ago)
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What a shame! this kids should be in school. The legislooters have their kids
in private schools or have them in foreign institutions,while the poor have their
kids working as child laborers.
Posted: at 28-06-2011 02:45 PM (10 years ago) | Gistmaniac
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